Tuesday, May 26, 2020

All About Past Gamsat Essay Topics

All About Past Gamsat Essay Topics You may find there's a compelling argument for learning another language after all! Selecting the proper topic for a persuasive speech can be not such an easy matter to do as it might appear. From among the persuasive speech topics listed here, select the one which you are most well-informed about or make sure you've got the time required to research and prepare an all-inclusive speech that covers every facet of the topic. For instance, a sociology professor may offer an overall topic like the effect of poverty in urban environments. Normally, having three significant arguments to demonstrate your point is sufficient for a convincing paper. At exactly the same time, detecting cause and effect relationships isn't that easy in regards to the selection of a great cause and effect essay topic. When you're choosing an essay topic, it's important to select one which has a lot of information and statistics to back up your perspective, nor exaggerate any info that you've chosen to write about. Around the world, immigration is a popular topic as countries suffer from war and financial disasters. The Debate Over past Gamsat Essay Topics Naturally, you can pick any topic, nobody could ever know that you're describing experience that you never actually had, but don't forget that it is always simpler to tell the truth than to invent lies. Some can require research although others may require the usage of the five senses and figurative language. F. Bacon The main goal of the capital isn't to get as much money as possible, yet to make sure that money causes a better life. Whilst philosophy involves each of the above, it is likewise a social, everyday occurrence that's useful to every one of us. The Battle Over past Gamsat Essay Topics and How to Win It Work on grammar and be certain you can continue to keep a consistent tense and perspective. When you are finished with your essay, you must not simply check it for spelling and grammatical errors, but nevertheless, it also has to be checked for logical fallacies. Preferably, it needs to be something that you're an expert in. You have to be able to use persuasive language. The ideal topic for your essay is one which is aligned with your region of study. It will be reviewed and evaluated in tight time. 1 important thing that you should do when writing your essay is to ensure it is personal. Writing an excellent essay might be a bit of cake if you are feeling inspired. Utilizing a writing service is the best means to have a well-written essay to use as a guideline to make sure the essays you write are hitting each of the important points and are at the appropriate depth needed for your academic grade. Thus, it's important to read corresponding formatting guide. There are many steps which you should take as a way to compose an exemplary essay. So without further ado, here are a few effective writing tips to produce your common app essay stick out! In this kind of situation, it's more convenient to discover ready-made essays and use them as an example. An argumentative essay is a certain sort of academic writing. In open-ended essay assignments, deciding on an essay topic gets crucial to the general success of the bit of writing. There are several good persuasive essay topics to pick from. If it's necessary to write your whole essay in 1 day, do your very best to give yourself breaks so you don't burn out. Attempt to consider what age is fantastic for students to date with one another. The very first step is where a significant number of students become stuck. The variety of body paragraphs will mostly rely on the amount of your paper. The Past Gamsat Essay Topics Game Writing about nuclear weapons is always a superb idea. While students may initially enjoy the idea of deciding upon an essay topic, they soon understand that the determination of essay topic ideas can be somewhat difficult. Otherwise, you must have a look at a number of the easy compare and contrast essay topics on the many scientific innovations. Persuasive essay topics don't always must be of a significant nature, you can write about things which are linked in your life. Understanding how to compose a strong argumentative paper can help you advance your very own argumentative thinking. If you're struggling, you always have the option to get help by utilizing an essay writing service such as ours. In an issue of speaking, picking out persuasive essay topics is similar to telling yourself what you wish to convey to the rest of the planet. Still, figuring out the very best topic for your essay isn't your only concern for a student.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Inventory Management System Proposal - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 673 Downloads: 32 Date added: 2017/09/26 Category IT Essay Level High school Did you like this example? SOFTWARE ENGINEERING PROJECT PROPOSAL on â€Å"Departmental Store’s Inventory Management System† 1. Introduction In Departmental Store’s Inventory Management System we keep track of objects or materials of the store. Properly managing inventory is essential to the success of every dealership. Inventory Management system provides information to efficiently manage the flow of materials, effectively utilize people and equipment, coordinate internal activities and communicate with customers. In the current scenario of our country few departmental stores are automated and some are semi automated and many are still having manual system for keeping the record of inventory. In manual system the inventory management system is quite time consuming and tedious. Semi automated system is also not well organized. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Inventory Management System Proposal" essay for you Create order 2. Problem definition Some of existing system semi automated and many are manual to keep the transaction record of the inventory in the departmental store. People still prefer to follow the manual method even if there is automated system to keep the record. We have found that employees first of all record all information in there ledger before entering in computer system. They are using both ways to keep the record of stock purchase, inventory, sales monitoring, etc. Following this method is very time consuming and tedious. It has many drawbacks as there may be mistakes while recording large data and this may disrupt the important transaction. So, in this project we are trying to make inventory management system which will help employees to keep record of inventories in systematic way and help them produce report about the inventory or stock currently available in their store in automatic way to help then sale forecasting, decision making about the stock etc. 3. OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT IS TO DEVELOP INVENTORY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR DEPARTMENTAL STORE. 4. SYSTEM STUDY We have studied the present Inventory Management System of two departmental stores. These departmental stores use semi-automated method for the records. Part of the record is recorded manually in paper. In case of automated they use VB 6 for front end and Microsoft SQL for back end. The total information of the product which was recorded manually can now be automated using this system. The full information regarding the product along with its inventory information can now be automated. The system provides GUI features which is user friendly. 5. SOLUTION OUTLINE Recording data manually in the register is slow and inefficient process. Also, searching information about a particular product from thousands of records can be a very hard job. So, one of the best solutions to this problem is keeping record of the products in computerized Database Management System. The computerized Database Management is made using combined features of mysql and Web Page designing. This can help the business enterprise to keep the record of each and every product in computer which is far more efficient than keeping record in semi-automated manner. In this system the employees will also be able to view the information about the product available in the store online which will help to increase the efficiency of work. This system will also help to maintain a proper merchandise assortment while ordering, shipping, handling, and related costs are kept in check. 6. Significance of the solution The computerized Inventory Management System for the departmental store will be helpful for the smooth operation of the department. It will help to keep records of products efficiently, reduce time to search records; will keep the record of the products of the store thus simplifying the process of updating records. The GUI features provides good user friendly tools. This system will help Maintaining a wide assortment of stockbut not spreading the rapidly moving ones too thin and increasing inventory turnoverbut not sacrificing the service level. 7. PROJECT SCHEDULE [pic] 8. SCoPE This Inventory Management System for departmental store is being developed with reference to two business enterprises in order to keep record of the entire product with their proper stock maintenance. But the scope of this inventory management system is not limited in these stores only. It can also be apply to any other following semi-automated recording with some modification.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Education During The 20th Century - 1981 Words

During the 20th century, education in Tibetan society was not highly regarded due to the fact that Tibetans did not view education as useful. Tibetans believed that their role in Tibetan society was already determined, and there were no means of social or economic advancement. However, Palden Gyatso, Tashi Tsering, and Phutsok, Tibetan males, challenge those notions by obtaining different types of education in distinctive ways. Palden Gyatso, Tashi Tsering, and Phutsok’s actions allow other Tibetans to realize that education is not confined to a single type of education as education can range from religious education to an informal type of education obtained by various tutors, and to a formal education obtained in a school. Palden Gyatso, Tashi Tsering, and Phutsok not only share the need to obtain an education, but their attitude is similar. They knew that at times they needed to be assertive and fight against the opinion and challenges administrated by their authoritative fi gures, but they also knew at other times they were required to be submissive in order to further their education. In addition, they face identical authoritative figures: parental, religious, and educational figures, who challenge them. It is critical to note that Tashi and Palden’s stories, in terms of their education, focuses on the time period before the Chinese invaded Tibet. On the other hand, Phutsok’s story, in terms of his education, focuses on the time after the Chinese invade Tibet. PaldenShow MoreRelatedThe Lewis s Place As A Twentieth Century Writer1286 Words   |  6 PagesTwentieth-Century Writer During the 100 years between the year 1901 and the year 2000 C.S Lewis was not only able to inspire the Christians of his time, but he was able to cause social change by addressing the issues of his time through literature. 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They were diverse in terms of their religion, political organisation and their language. Aspects of the relationships between Colonists/Europeans and the Native Americans Co-habitation: This phase of the relationship was present in the 16th, 17th and much of the 18th century. The Native Americans and the colonists lived in theRead MoreThe 19th And 20th Century Imperialism1297 Words   |  6 PagesThe 19th and 20th century imperialism was substantially about the exploitation of the empires colonies and thus was not a necessarily an ‘civilizing mission’. During the 19th and 20th century European powers tried to justify their actions, by claiming that they were trying to re-educate the native population through education, this included Christian missionaries which were placed throughout Asia, Africa and Latin America. However, it became apparent that these powers gained significant wealth byRead MoreBiography of Hedy Lamarr1684 Words   |  7 Pagesshe is trying to help the Allied to escape the attack of the German submarines. According to an article â€Å"Australia: Nineteenth and Twentieth Century’s† which mainly discussed about how were some Jewish women succeed in Austria from the 19th century to 20th century. Almost Jews were survived from the Holocaust between 1946 and 1954, as the article said â€Å"From the beginning of Australian history there have been a number of prominent Jewish women who have made their mark as individuals in many varied fields†

Forming Storming - 1059 Words

A team is a group of people working together to achieve a common goal. The effectiveness of the project team can make the difference between project success and failure. Our project team has a total of 30 students. Eventhough good strategics and techniques are still necessary, it is the members of the project team itself that are the key to project success which require an effective project team. In order to become an effective team, we have to go through five stages which are Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing and Adjourning. For this essay, we will only focus on the forming and storming stage. Forming stage is the first stage of the group development in which people join the group. In the major process in the forming stage,†¦show more content†¦Our leaders try their best to explain and clear their doubts. This enabled everyone to understand their own tasks and responsibility more clearly and therefore increases team effectiveness. In order to contribute more effectively, I should become more socialize and discuss my opinion or suggestion with everyone in the class. I should overcome my shyness and voice out my opinion during the discussion. I should also improve my communication skill so that I am comfortable when I am with my teammates or vice versa. This can help us to improve our team’s effectiveness as well as cohesiveness. When we get to know and understand each other better, we can avoid conflicts that are not necessary. Other than that, the team as a whole should also be more cooperative. Overall, our team is considered as a not sociable team. When we are ask to give some suggestions or ideas, most of them remain silence and only the same few students who are giving the ideas and suggestions. This is a problem to our leaders as they are having a hard time to lead us if we are not cooperative. Besides, everyone in the group should improve their interaction among team members so that we can achieve a better outcome in our project. Those who are sociable can volunteer and get everyone on the track during the discussion and make sure no one is left out. Leaders should make sure that everyoneShow MoreRelatedTuckman Model: Forming, Storming, Norming, and Performing906 Words   |  4 PagesTuckman model: Forming, storming, norming, and performing I am an US Army recruiter. I am currently working on a team that has existed for two years: we a close-knit group. Our mission is to inform potential recruits of the rewards and challenges of being a part of the US Army, and if they decide to serve, to guide them through the induction process and prepare them for basic training. Given the relatively long duration of time my team has existed, I was not surprised that our scores indicatedRead MoreTuckman1445 Words   |  6 Pagestuckman forming storming norming performing model Bruce Tuckman s 1965 Forming Storming Norming Performing team-development model Dr Bruce Tuckman published his Forming Storming Norming Performing model in 1965. He added a fifth stage, Adjourning, in the 1970s. The Forming Storming Norming Performing theory is an elegant and helpful explanation of team development and behaviour. Similarities can be seen with other models, such as Tannenbaum and Schmidt Continuum and especially with Hersey andRead More Groups and Teams Essay1099 Words   |  5 PagesGroups and Teams The forming, storming, norming, performing model of team development was first introduced by Bruce Tuckman in 1965. He argued that these phases are all necessary and inevitable for the team growth, overcoming challenges and tackling problems, finding solutions, planning work and delivering results. Tuckman later added a fifth phase, adjourning, which is referred to by some as the mourning stage, which involves completing the task and breaking up the team. (Wikipedia, 2005)Read MoreStudy Report: Team Effectiveness1266 Words   |  6 PagesForming, Storming, Norming, and Performing Helping New Teams Perform Effectively, Quickly Building a high-performing team takes patience and professionalism. Effective teamwork is essential in today s world, but as you ll know from the teams you have led or belonged to, you can t expect a new team to perform exceptionally from the very outset. Team formation takes time, and usually follows some easily recognizable stages, as the team journeys from being a group of strangers to becomingRead MoreStages of Group Development995 Words   |  4 PagesThe Forming – Storming – Norming – Performing is a model of group development, first proposed by Bruce Tuckman in 1965, who maintained that these phases are all necessary and inevitable in order for the team to grow, to face up to challenges, to tackle problems, to find solutions, to plan work, and to deliver results. Forming In the first stages of team building, the forming of the team takes place. The individual s behavior is driven by a desire to be accepted by the others, and avoid controversyRead MoreFive Stages of Group Development Essay1294 Words   |  6 PagesHowever, not all groups reach all stages of development. The five stages of group development are Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing, and Adjourning. The stage which many groups do not necessarily reach is the Performing stage. It is possible that a group never develops past Storming, but this will often be either a dysfunctional group or a group in extreme chaos and stress. During the Forming stage, members of the group are generally trying to get to know one another and feel accepted intoRead MoreBruce Tuckman s Stages Of Group Development1391 Words   |  6 PagesBruce Tuckman’s stages of group development include the forming phase, storming phase, norming phase, and the performing phase. This model was developed in 1965, showing the behavior of small groups and how they operate in a variety of environment. It is suggested that all groups should experience all four stages before they can successfully reach their fullest potential of performance. High performance teams must also consider the context of their teams, the composition, and competencies of theirRead MoreElements Of Primary, Intimate, And Task Groups1731 Words   |  7 PagesWhen looking at and researching groups that have elements of primary, intimate, and task groups in the storming or conflict stage of group development, it is relatively easy to identify previous literature that has analyzed at least one element of this classification. Previous research has looked at almost every aspect of the three groups, including: dynamics of groups that involve same-sex members, internal group conflict, development of groups, and legitimacy in peer groups. However, most of theRead MoreEssay about Mgmt 591 Woodson Coalition Week 3 Case Study 1948 Words   |  4 PagesPart 1: Group Development The genesis and growth of a group always goes through five stages: forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning. Forming is always the first stage, where the group members meet for the first time and roles as well as structure and purpose are not firmly established. This stage closes when the individuals label themselves as a group. Appropriately named, the storming stage is defined by intragroup conflict in the areas of limited autonomy and leadership, and isRead MoreEssay on Examining the Group Dynamics of a Team933 Words   |  4 PagesForming In the forming stage, group members at ECI are polite and enthusiastic to be involved with a potential new business opportunity. The forming stage is relatively short, mainly due to the fact that most personnel on the team have known each other for many years. Storming Storming is one of the more difficult stages of group development and can often lead to team tension and potential failure. Stein (2014) adds that behaviors during the Storming stage may be less polite than during the Forming

Nutrition and Behaviour Samples for Students †MyAssignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about the Food Nutrition and Behaviour. Answer: Analysis and critique of the Health Belief Model Health belief model is a psychological health performance alter framework, which has been established for clearing up and predicting health associated attitudes, especially related to health service usage. The model was developed by a social psychologist at U.S. public health service in 1950s (3).The health belief model tells about individuals beliefs and perceptions about health problems, professed remuneration of action and obstacles to action along with the self effectiveness for appointment in health promoting deeds. The model says that a cue to action, i.e. trigger or stimulus should also be present for influencing the health promoting behaviour. The theoretical construct includes following seven elements: Figure: Health belief Model (Source: 3) Perceived severity- This element refers to the subjective evaluation of the severity of a health issue and its potential consequences. The model tells that individual perceiving a health issue more severe is expected to engage in potent health behaviours for preventing the disease. If individual is believes that the severity of malnutrition of food choice related health issues is high, they are more likely to modify their food behaviour (2). Perceived susceptibility- It is referred to subjective assessment of risk of developing a health issue. The model demonstrates that individual, who perceives their susceptibility towards a health issue, engages in such behaviour that would reduce the risk of developing the particular health issue. Therefore, if individual believe that they are susceptible to health issues due to their food choice or behaviour, they would more prone to modify their food choice (3). Perceived benefits- It is referred to individuals efficacy of being engaged in a health promoting behaviour for reducing the risk of disease development. Thus, health related behaviours are also promoted by the perceived benefits of action. Individual, who understands the benefits of eating green vegetables instead of street foods, is more likely to include green vegetables in their diet than the individual who does not know that (4) . Perceived barriers- Alike the perceived benefits, perceived barriers can prevent individual to take action for health related behaviour, instead of being aware of the severity of health issue and positive effect of the health behaviour. For instance, if an individual is aware of the bitter taste of a healthy food, he will attempt to avoid the food, instead of knowing its healthy nature (3). Modifying variables- Modifying variables like individuals habitat, demographic, psychosocial or structural variables can affect individuals perceptions. Food choice varies among people to people, society to society, in different contexts (6). Cues to action- The HBM suggests that the presence of stimuli, trigger or the cue of action can significantly promote health related behaviour within an individual. Motivational talks, promotions or social media advertisements can work as stimuli to promote individuals food choice. Self efficacy- This component was added later with the four components of the model, where it has been depicted that self-efficacy is the belief of an individual about the ability to perform behaviour successfully. Individual, love to consume fried street food, may perceive that he would not be able to consume a healthy diet with full of vegetables, totally excluding street foods, which may hinder his healthy food choice (4). However, there are several factors contributing human food choice behaviours. HBM addresses a range of factors influencing individuals decision and behaviour, but unable to predict the full range of food-choice behaviours. The model tries to forecast health related behaviours by considering personal differences in belief and attitudes. It does not include environment factors, which are out of individuals control; it does not deem the force of emotions on health related behaviour (2). Moreover, the model does not tell how constructs of model interact with one another. Sometimes, food choices are unrelated to health which cannot be explained through this model. 2.Alternative drivers of human food choice There are several factors, which can drive the food choices of individual. For instance, besides the demographic information, appearance of food, i.e. taste, smell, texture is also important determinants of food choice. The physiological factors age, sex, body size, metabolic rate, health status, level of physical activity, pregnancy, lactation, hormonal secretions, use of drugs, physiological comparisons and general health status are significant drivers of food choice. Environmental factors include traditions, peer or family influence, media promotion, awareness about diet-health relationships, food environment or eating environment. Some food consumption is related to celebration, security or emotional status (5). Food accessibility is another factor that significantly drives individual food choice. It was claimed that women acts as a gatekeeper of family food patterns, though the concept is being changed nowadays. Some studies showed the prestige value of foods as a driver of food choice. Income is a key driver that promotes the decision about the food choice, which is linked to the SES of an individual or family (4). Urbanization is a key factor that drives the food choice, as it is also linked with the income and SES. Other alternative drivers include trade liberalization, overgrown transnational food corporations, retailing as well as food industry marketing. The above drivers have significant contribution in different contexts for deciding individuals or groups food choice behaviour. However, these factors have not been considered in health belief model. 3.Alternative model of food choice An alternative model that can address the above mentioned drivers and limitations found in HBM, is the Food choice process model, which shows a significant interaction among the drivers of food choice. The model includes 3 main components of food choice, i.e. life courses, influences and personal food system. These three components cover all the aspects influencing food choice. Figure: Food process model (Source: 1) Life course proceedings and experiences- These are the factors that are acquired throughout individuals life and affect their food consumption pattern and food choice. These include: Trajectories- These are the key life course concepts and includes individuals persistent opinion, judgment, strategies, and actions as she approached choice like family cuisine. Transition- These are the shifts in a persons life course leading to changes in food choice trajectories, like migration, marriage, workplace change or shift from childhood to adolescence (7). Turning points- These are the major transitions leading to reconstruction of food choices, like a post surgery diet routine. Timing- Timing is considered when transitions for turning points occur. It also has a significant impact upon determining the influences. Contexts- Contexts are referred to the situations, which influences the living patterns along with the behaviour and food choices of individual. Contexts are of two types, i.e. macro level and micro level. The macro level contexts include societal, civilizing, political, financial and other circumstances facilitating and restraining constancy or changes in the food choice trajectories of individuals. On the other hand, the micro level contexts include families, friends, schools, universities, workplaces, communities, and other social and physical structures that shape food choice trajectories (8). Influences on food choice- Influences are categorized in five components, which are as follows: Cultural ideas- It includes the system of rules, plans and regulations in the community used as orientation points by persons to evaluate and critic food behaviours. Persona factors- These include the features of persons influencing their food choice behaviours and decisions like genetic predisposition to disease, sensory sensitivity to food tastes, food preferences, personality, gender roles, parent responsibilities etc (3). Resources- These are the possessions people believe for making food choice decision like income, wealth, equipment, space, skills, knowledge, relationships, connections, values, traditions etc. Social factors- These include social relationship system for individual that can constrain or facilitate food choice decisions like, eating with co-workers, family support to eat healthy (2). Present context- These include the current scenario, where the individual is developing food choices like economic conditions, government policies, and mass media, climate, physical structures etc. Personal food system- It includes the cognitive methods for choosing food, which can guide food consumption behaviours like food choice principles, arbitration and pondering food choice values, categorization of foods and situation etc. In addition, personal process of food choice also includes strategy, routines and script development for recurring food decisions. Food choice values include taste, cost, health, convenience, health, overseeing affairs and feelings attached to it (5). Prioritizing these values, people negotiate and balance their food choices. On the other hand, food choice strategies comprise removal, limitation, replacement, calculation, amendment and routinization, making food selection more automatic or habitable. Comparing these two models, i.e. the HBM and food process model, it has been revealed that HBM is covering all the aspects regarding the perceptions regarding human health, however, this model does not include several alternative drivers of human food choice and behaviour. These drivers have been addressed by the food process model, i.e. it addresses the emotional, social, environmental, physical as well as contextual factors that can influence the food behaviour of an individual. It also shows the link between these factors, which is also not shown adequately in HBM. 4.Critique of proposed model of food choice Although the above discussed mode addresses several alternative drivers of food choices along with the impact of these drivers on individuals life and management, no model is perfect. However, this model does not include food accessibility or availability related factors or drivers, but these factors should be considered, because food choice is critically dependent upon the availability of food (8). Reference List Furst T, Connors M, Bisogni CA, Sobal J, Falk LW. Food choice: a conceptual model of the process. Appetite. 1996 Jun 30;26(3):247-66. Sobal, J., Bisogni, C. A., Devine, C. M., Jastran, M. (2006). A conceptual model of the food choice process over the life course.Frontiers in Nutritional Science,3, 1. Green, E. C., Murphy, E. (2014). Health belief model.The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Health, Illness, Behavior, and Society. Ayele, K., Tesfa, B., Abebe, L., Tilahun, T., Girma, E. (2012). Self care behavior among patients with diabetes in Harari, Eastern Ethiopia: the health belief model perspective.PloS one,7(4), e35515. Kim, H. S., Ahn, J., No, J. K. (2012). Applying the Health Belief Model to college students' health behavior.Nutrition research and practice,6(6), 551-558. Ogden, J. (2012).Health psychology. McGraw-Hill Education (UK). Salmon, S. J., Fennis, B. M., de Ridder, D. T., Adriaanse, M. A., De Vet, E. (2014). Health on impulse: when low self-control promotes healthy food choices.Health Psychology,33(2), 103. Mann, J., Truswell, S. (2012).Essentials of human nutrition. Oxford University Press.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Economics Principles - Problems - Operation and Policies

Quetion: Discuss about the case study Economics for Principles, Problems, Operation and Policies. Answer: Introduction: The U.S firm will continue its operation even when it faces bankruptcy because it is able to retrieve the fixed cost of operation that is it is above the break-even point. Break-even point is that situation where the total revenue earned by the firm is exactly equal to their total investment (Rios, McConnell and Brue, 2013). The moment when it cannot retrieve the fixed cost, that is when its revenue is much below break-even point, it shuts down its operation. Producing anything at the minimum possible cost is known as Productive Efficiency. On other hand, if theres equilibrium between the consumers preference and economys production is known as allocative efficiency (Baumol and Blinder, 2015). Under perfect competition, as there are umpteen brands producing cigarettes. So, an individual company cannot influence the price. Hence, consumers preferable brands are always available and at affordable price. It necessarily does not imply that the goods produced will generate welfare in the economy. References: Baumol, W. J., Blinder, A. S. (2015).Microeconomics: Principles and policy. Cengage Learning. Rios, M. C., McConnell, C. R., Brue, S. L. (2013).Economics: Principles, problems, and policies. McGraw-Hill.